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Research and Development Projects


Research and Development Projects: Plans and Reports

International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) 2009 in Hong Kong Final Report

  • ICCS 2009 was under the aegis of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).
  • The study aimed to investigate the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries/places. It tested students’ civic knowledge and their attitudes towards civic engagement, including the extent to which they expect to be engaged as future citizens.
  • The study surveyed over 140,000 Secondary 2/3 students from 38 countries/places.
  • A full report of the international study’s finding was released on 22 November 2010 and it can be downloaded from the following links:
  • ICCS 2009 in Hong Kong was commissioned to the Hong Kong Institute of Education and the Faculty of Education of the University of Hong Kong by the Education Bureau in 2008 through open tender procedure.
  • In addition to ICCS 2009 in Hong Kong, 4,540 students from 108 schools were surveyed between December 2008 and June 2009 on their views and attitudes with respect to various local civic topics. More than 1,400 teachers from 101 schools were also surveyed on their views of civic education.


Report on the Research on Teachers’ Views of Essential Learning Outcomes in Personal, Social & Humanities Education at the End of S3 只有英文版

  • The open framework of junior secondary PSHE, while allowing schools flexibility in the way they handle the scope and depth of the content to meet the different needs of students, should also provide students the opportunity to learn the ‘core elements’ or essential content in this KLA.
  • In order to facilitate schools’ understanding of the core elements to be included in the curriculum plans for PSHE, the essential content in the six strands 1 has been delineated in the Personal, Social & Humanities Education Key Learning Area Curriculum Guide (P1-S3) (2002) by the Curriculum Development Council as a primary resource list for schools to plan and review their curriculum.
  • The Curriculum Development Institute of the Education Bureau commissioned the Hong Kong Institute of Education Research of the Chinese University of Hong Kong to conduct a one-year research from September 2007 to August 2008 to understand the views of senior secondary teachers with respect to the essential learning outcomes for students in PSHE at the end of S3. Apart from providing the perspectives of senior secondary teachers, the research can also reinforce general understanding of the vertical linkage within the PSHE KLA. It can also serve as an important reference for schools’ planning and reviewing of their junior secondary PSHE curriculum.


Personal, Social & Humanities Education - Collaborative Research and Development ("Seed") Project

1 The six strands are (i) Personal & Social Development; (ii) Time, Continuity & Change; (iii) Culture & Heritage; (iv) Place & Environment; (v) Resources & Economic Activities; and (vi) Social Systems & Citizenship.


Last revision date: 01 March 2018
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