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NET Scheme in Primary Schools




Primary Literacy Programmes


 Space Town - Space Town Literacy Programme for KS1

 Keys2 - Keys 2 Literacy Development (KS2)

 DTS - Development of Text Sets Programme (KS1 and/or KS2)

 KIP - Key Stage Two Integration Programme

 PLP-R/W - Primary Literacy Programme - Reading and Writing (KS1)

 PLP-R - Primary Literacy Programme - Reading(KS1) 



Space Town Literacy Programme for KS1


The Space Town Literacy Programme for KS1 (Space Town) is an enhanced version of the Primary Literacy Programme - Reading and Writing (PLP-R/W). It includes additional aspects such as e-learning, self-directed learning and a self-evaluation tool for schools. The teaching of reading has been enhanced through the earlier introduction of guided reading and phonics strategies such as blending and encoding in P1.

Space Town provides students with the opportunity to develop the ability to transfer their knowledge to new situations. In this programme, communicative language learning is the main focus, where the four skills are taught interactively and real-life situations are experienced in the classroom.


To find out more about this programme, please visit the Space Town mini-site here.


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Keys 2 Literacy Development


The Keys 2 Literacy Development (Keys2) is an enhanced version of the Key Stage 2 Integration Programme (KIP). It aims to develop students’ reading and writing skills progressively through a variety of learning and teaching strategies to enrich schools’ English Language curricula. By strengthening and building upon skills previously learned in Key Stage 1, Keys2 further paves the way for students to develop their reading and writing skills.The Programme provides different sets of keys to help students unlock the future doors of literacy development and prepare them for Key Stage 3.

To find out more about this programme, please visit the Keys2 Literacy Development mini-site here.


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DTS Programme Information


A text set is a collection of materials, usually created by the teacher (or a media specialist), composed of diverse resources on a specific subject matter, genre or theme.  Text sets can include information from online sources or can be print-based, and a good text set offers materials at various reading levels (Lent, 2012).

DTS is a real-life literacy programme with the goal of investigating the design and use of text sets to inform and support the development of effective strategies to enhance students' literacy development. The design/development of text sets is in line with the latest trend of curriculum development in Hong Kong, especially the focus on promoting reading across the curriculum, e-learning, self-directed learning and effective assessment strategies.



Lent, R. C. (2012). Overcoming Textbook Fatigue: 21st Century Tools to Revitalize Teaching and Learning. Alexandria, VA: ASCD


To find out more about this programme, please visit the DTS Programme mini-site here.


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Key Stage 2 Integration Programme (KIP) 


The Key Stage 2 Integration Programme (KIP) commences in Primary 4 with the use of mainly shared reading and guided strategies for teaching reading. Exposure to authentic literature is also promoted through reading aloud experiences, whilst a home reading programme commences to promote good reading habits and attitudes. This reading foundation serves as a springboard for students to engage in authentic writing, speaking and listening experiences. A process approach to writing is used to allow students to develop self-managed writing skills that prepare them to become independent and effective writers ready for Key Stage 3.


To find out more about this programme, please visit the Key Stage 2 Integration Programme mini-site here.


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Primary Literacy Programme - Reading and Writing (Key Stage 1) [PLP -R/W (KS1)]


Since 2004, the NET Section has been offering primary schools comprehensive Primary Literacy Programmes in Reading [PLP-R (KS1)], and subsequently in Reading and Writing [PLP-R/W (KS1)]. These literacy programmes adopt a holistic approach to language learning, incorporating the four skills, with an emphasis on reading and writing. The recommendations in the central English Language Curriculum Guide form the basis for the on-going development of the NET Section's primary literacy programmes. 


Both PLP-R and PLP-R/W place heavy emphasis not only on students’ literacy development, but also on teachers’ professional development which aims to equip teachers with a wider repertoire of teaching strategies. As effective and innovative classroom practises are not sustainable without a thorough understanding of the rationale underlying the programmes, collecting teachers’ feedback on the implementation of these programmes has been invaluable. This process also exemplifies the importance of the tripartite partnership between the local English teachers (LETs), the NET and the Advisory Teacher.


To find out more about this programme, please visit the Primary Literacy Programme mini-site here.


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Primary Literacy Programme - Reading (Key Stage 1) [ PLP -R (KS1)]


The English Language Curriculum Guide (Primary 1-6) (ELCG) published in 2004 and prepared by the Hong Kong Curriculum Development Council (CDC) recommended including a Reading Workshop component for 40% of the English lesson time in the school-based English Language curriculum. As a response to the above recommendation, the Primary Literacy Programme – Reading (Key Stage 1) [ PLP -R (KS1)] was developed. The programme offers a framework supporting the teaching of literacy as well as the tools necessary for the assessment of student needs and the knowledge of how they read. The programme is designed for the development of language-rich whole-school and classroom environments through establishing systematic classroom and resource management systems.  It promotes the use of storytelling, reading aloud, shared reading, guided reading and independent reading as strategies for teaching reading.


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Last revision date: 07 June 2017
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