Key Performance Measures (with effect from the 2016/17 school year)


1. What are Key Performance Measures (KPM)?

The KPM are SSE data system to complement the School Development and Accountability framework. Built on the Performance Indicators (PI) framework, KPM provide quantitative and objective data to supplement PI, which are mainly qualitatively oriented, in support of systematic and evidence-based SSE, so as to promote school self-improvement and sustainable development.


2. What is the framework of KPM?

KPM encompass a total of 22 items. They provide balanced KPM data under the four domains of the performance indicators to facilitate schools' SSE. To underline the important role of stakeholders in SSE, stakeholders’ perception is included in a number of KPM items. Stakeholders’ perception can be collected using the Stakeholder Survey.


Framework of KPM

Management & Organisation

1. Stakeholders' perception of School Management

2. Stakeholders' perception of Professional Leadership

3. Stakeholders' perception of Teachers' Professional Development

4. Professional training on special educational needs#

Learning & Teaching

5. Number of active school days

6. Percentage of lesson time for Key Learning Areas

7. Subject choices at senior secondary levels*

8. Stakeholders’ perception of Curriculum and Assessment

9. Stakeholders’ perception of Teaching

10. Stakeholders’ perception of Student Learning

Student Support &
School Ethos

11. Stakeholders’ perception of Support for Student Development

12. Stakeholders’ perception of School Climate

13. Destinations of graduates*

14. Stakeholders’ perception of Home-school Cooperation

Student Performance

15. Students’ attitudes to school

16. Pre-S1 Hong Kong Attainment Test*#

17. Public examination results*

18. Academic value-added performance*#

19. Percentage of students participating in territory-wide inter-school competitions

20. Percentage of students participating in uniform groups / community services

21. Students’ attendance rate

22. Percentage of students within the acceptable weight range

* Not applicable to primary schools

# Not applicable to special schools


There are different KPM items for secondary, primary and special schools respectively, overviews of KPM items can be downloaded from school’s ESDA.


3. What are the uses of KPM?
Ans: KPM help schools review the effectiveness of their work with a view to enhancing self-improvement and sustainable development. They also help schools report their performance to key stakeholders, thus enhancing the transparency of school work and actualising the spirit of accountability.

4. Does the EDB carry out timely updating of KPM?
Ans: Yes. The latest KPM will be applicable from the 2016/17 school year onwards.

5. What are the major revisions in the updated KPM?
Ans: The updated KPM include two new items added, namely, “Professional training on special educational needs” (KPM 4) and “Subject choices at senior secondary levels” (KPM 7), with “Territory-wide System Assessment” deleted.
  “Professional training on special educational needs” includes (i) Percentage of teachers who have completed the Basic Course, (ii) Number of teachers who have completed the Advanced Course, and (iii) Number of teachers who have completed the Thematic Courses.
  “Subject choices at senior secondary levels” includes (i) Number of elective subjects (including Cat A, Cat B & Cat C subjects) offered by schools at S4, S5 and S6, and (ii) Percentage of students who have taken 1X, 2X, 3X and more than 3X at S4, S5 and S6.

6. Is it necessary for schools to submit their KPM and Stakeholder Survey (SHS) data collected to the EDB?
Ans: Schools are required to submit their KPM data and Stakeholder Survey (SHS) data through school’s ESDA to the EDB at the end of their school development cycles so as to facilitate the EDB to compile the KPM reference data for school reference. The submission of data usually takes place from February to May.
  To facilitate school reviewers of the External School Review (ESR) to have a better understanding of the self-evaluation work of schools, the submission of the latest KPM data and SHS data through school’s ESDA prior to ESR is also required.

7. Why does the EDB produce KPM reference data?
Ans: The EDB produces KPM reference data in order to provide schools with additional data and information of an objective nature to facilitate schools' interpretation of their own KPM data and understanding of their performance, thus enhancing systematic and evidence-based SSE.

8. How can schools facilitate the EDB's generation of KPM reference data?
Ans: In addition to submitting their KPM and SHS data to the EDB prior to ESR and at the end of their school development cycles, schools with KPM and SHS data readily available are also welcome to submit data through ESDA so as to facilitate the EDB to compile the KPM reference data for school reference.

Other Frequently Asked Questions pdf

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