The Bureau is responsible for:
- formulating, developing and reviewing policies, programmes and legislation in respect of education from pre-primary to tertiary level; and
- overseeing the effective implementation of educational programmes.
The Bureau monitors the services provided by:
- the University Grants Committee, the Student Finance Office, the Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority, the Hong Kong Council for Accreditation of Academic and Vocational Qualifications and the Vocational Training Council.