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List of Dos and Don'ts for Kindergartens


Education Ordinance and
Education Regulations
  • Must comply with the provisions of the Education Ordinance and Education Regulations in operating the school, for example, exhibiting the certificate of registration and the fees certificate in a prominent place within the school premises, displaying the permitted accommodation in a prominent place in the classroom, start operating only after the school has been registered, admitting pupils in accordance with the approved number of classrooms and the permitted accommodation, and charging fees as specified in the fees certificate
Guidelines and circulars issued by the Education Bureau
  • Adhere and refer to the guidelines and circulars issued by the Education Bureau in operating the school
  • Adhere and refer to the Operation Manual for Pre-primary Institutions published by the Education Bureau in operating the school, for example, providing adequate play areas, appropriate facilities and safety measures as well as a healthy learning environment for the children
    Planning and organization
  • The curriculum should cover the moral, cognitive, physical, social and aesthetic aspects of development
  • Don't place undue emphasis on a particular aspect. Don't concentrate on imparting knowledge and ignoring the importance of cultivating attitudes and developing skills
  • The curriculum should match the experience, ability and interest of the children
  • Don't develop a curriculum which fails to accommodate the differences in learning ability and interest among children
  • Don't overload the curriculum
  • Don't design a curriculum which is too difficult for the children
  • Don't ask children in Nursery Class to write
  • Organize various activities to promote the all-round and balanced development of the children
  • Don't plan daily activities without music activities, physical play and activities for social development and creativity
    Learning and teaching
  • Adopt different teaching approaches and organize various child-centered learning activities
  • Don't adopt a one-way, lecturing form of teaching
  • Develop learning activities based on children's experiences and school-provided experiences so as to make learning activities more effective and meaningful
  • Enable children to learn happily through play and activities
  • Don't arrange activities with a tight schedule and don't press children to complete their work in haste
  • Teach the children according to their abilities and respect individual differences
  • Don't ignore the special needs of individual children
  • Use children's mother tongue as the medium of instruction
  • Avoid mixed-code teaching
  • Schools which intend to provide children with exposure to English or Putonghua should introduce the language though activities, such as simple nursery rhymes, songs, conversations and language games etc.,on condition that teachers with appropriate language proficiency are available
  • For exposure to the English language for non-English speaking children, don't ask them to copy and spell English words
  • The amount of assignments given should be of different variety and suitable quantity
  • Don't ask children to do mechanical copying exercises
  • Don't ask children to do excessive drills on calculation
  • Make good use of learning corners and playing materials in the classroom
  • Assessment should take into account individual differences of children
  • Don't expect all children of the same class level to attain the same standard of performance
  • Assessment should be based on continuous observations; children's performance and the progress made in various aspects should be recorded
  • Don't assess children by means of dictation, tests or examinations
Relation with parents
  • Establish partnership with parents by liaising closely with them through parents association, seminars, etc.


Last revision date: 17 May 2018
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