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Demand and supply of kindergartens

LEGCO QUESTION NO. 13 (Written Reply)

Date of Meeting: 24 May 2000



Asked by : The Hon CHEUNG Man-kwong

Replied by : SEM

Question :

Will the Government inform this Council:

  1. of the respective numbers of kindergarten places and enrolments in each school district in each of the past five school years ;

  2. of the respective numbers of kindergartens set up and closed down by school operators in each school district in each of the past five school years ; and

  3. given that there has been over-provision of kindergarten places in the territory for a number of years, whether it will set down the upper limit of kindergarten places for each district in accordance with the number of school-age children in the district, and approve applications for setting up profit-making and non-profit-making kindergartens in each district in accordance with the upper limit?


Reply:

Madam President,

  1. The number of kindergarten places and enrolment figures in each education district from the 1995/96 to 1999/2000 school years are detailed at Annex 1.

  2. The number of kindergartens starting or ceasing operation in each education district from the 1995/96 to 1999/2000 school years are detailed at Annex 2.

  3. All kindergartens in Hong Kong are privately run. Kindergartens can commence operation as long as they meet the general requirements for school registration (e.g. the school principal and teachers possess the necessary qualifications, the school premises satisfy the requisite standards, etc). Government has never imposed any restriction on the number of kindergartens or the districts in which they can operate. Applications for registration from both profit-making and non-profit-making kindergartens are processed according to the same set of criteria.

    Eligible non-profit-making sponsoring bodies may apply to Government for the allocation of kindergarten premises in public housing estates. When developing a new public housing estate, the Housing Department will estimate the population of children within the kindergarten age group (aged 3 to 5) to determine the number of kindergartens required in the estate. According to the existing planning standards, the Housing Department will reserve one bi-sessional kindergarten classroom for every 67 children aged between 3 and 5, and a standard kindergarten has six classrooms. To enable all school-aged children to attend kindergartens within the estates where they live as far as possible, the actual provision of kindergarten places in a newly developed housing estate is in general slightly higher than the estimated demand. For illustration, the Housing Department will build two kindergarten premises if the estimated demand comes up to about 1.6 kindergartens.

    Given the supply of kindergarten places in each district, children should be able to attend kindergartens closest to their home, thus sparing them the time and trouble of travelling a long distance to school. At the same time, sponsoring bodies or kindergarten operators can choose to provide education services in any district which they want. Government does not therefore have any intention of setting an upper limit on the number of kindergarten places in each district based on the population projection of school-aged children in the district.
Accommodation in Kindergartens by District, 1995-1999 Annex I

District 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Central & Western 9182 9362 9384 8554 8961
Wan Chai 8135 8028 7992 8384 8749
Eastern 17994 18396 18838 18887 18761
Southern 8125 7740 7384 7669 7285
Sham Shui Po 11465 11876 11988 12335 12993
Yau Tsim Mong 7445 7329 7580 7955 8129
Kowloon City 21921 21997 21763 21838 25072
Wong Tai Sin 11085 11151 11434 12381 12637
Kwun Tong 15966 16549 16977 17246 17483
Tsuen Wan 8561 8495 8601 8879 8847
Kwai Tsing 13694 13569 13087 13311 13821
Tuen Mun 18712 18617 18311 18088 18851
Yuen Long 15760 16238 16705 17491 17690
North 11803 12881 13006 12733 12637
Tai Po 123525 11666 11607 11322 11118
Sha Tin 15970 15884 16834 17196 17631
Sai Kung 7523 7799 7729 8847 10657
Islands 2182 2018 2359 3494 3446
All Districts 217875 219595 221579 226610 234768


Enrolment in Kindergartens by District, 1995-1999

District 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Central & Western 7292 7235 6990 6569 6342
Wan Chai 6415 6225 6200 6351 6346
Eastern 14337 14594 14589 14162 13287
Southern 6150 5765 5422 5668 5201
Sham Shui Po 8441 9054 8937 8704 9152
Yau Tsim Mong 5733 6054 5972 6039 5683
Kowloon City 21226 20529 20028 20108 21674
Wong Tai Sin 8205 8523 8806 9015 8845
Kwun Tong 12413 12814 12922 12676 12242
Tsuen Wan 7116 7368 7406 7429 6895
Kwai Tsing 11185 11207 10548 9963 9392
Tuen Mun 16553 16282 15486 14725 13989
Yuen Long 14023 14318 14161 14086 13258
North 9882 10239 10073 9494 8995
Tai Po 10583 9718 9221 8658 7720
Sha Tin 13036 13021 12928 12629 12361
Sai Kung 6255 6407 6143 6526 7519
Islands 1472 1418 1630 2271 2237
All Districts 180317 180771 177462 175073 171138


Kindergartens Started or Ceased Operation during the Period 1/9/1995 to 30/4/2000 Annex II

District 1995/96 1996/97 1997/98 1998/99 1999/2000
(to 30.4.2000)
Total
Started Operation Ceased Operation Started Operation Ceased Operation Started Operation Ceased Operation Started Operation Ceased Operation Started Operation Ceased Operation Started Operation Ceased Operation
Central & Western     1   1   4 3 1   7 3
Eastern 2 5 1 2   4     3 1 6 12
South 1 1 1 1 2   1 1 1 1 6 4
Wanchai         1 1         1 1
Kowloon City 2 3 1   1 1 2   3   9 4
Kwun Tong 5 1 2 1 2   2 1     11 3
Mongkok       1     1   1 1 2 2
Shamshuipoo 3 2 1         1 1   5 3
Wong Tai Sin   1         2   1   3 1
YauTsim               1     0 1
Islands     1   3 1   1     4 2
Kwai Tsing 1 2   1     3 1 2 3 6 7
North 6 2   1     1 1     7 4
Sai Kung 1   1   2   6 2 1   11 2
Shatin   3 2   3 2 2 1 2 1 9 7
Tai Po   1       1         0 2
Tsuen Wan   1     1 1 1 2     2 4
Tuen Mun   2 2     3 2 1     4 6
Yuen Long 5 5 2 2 2       6   15 7
Total 26 29 15 9 18 14 27 16 22 7 108 75
Last revision date: 24 May 2000
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