To understand an incident of bullying and violence, it is important not to focus merely on the forms of aggressive behaviour, the numbers of aggressors and the distribution of power, but also the emotional states and motives of the aggressors. Not all the aggressive behaviours are equivalent to bullying behaviours. Aggressive behaviour can be categorized into two main subtypes: proactive aggression and reactive aggression. In fact, the proactive aggressors are the real bullies. Most of the so-called school bullying is actually school violence. (Excerpted and translated from an article of Dr. Annis FUNG Lai Chu, Associate Professor at City University of Hong Kong.)
To further prevent school bullying, schools should understand the subtypes of aggressors and victims and provide appropriate counseling.